When people realize I run a travel blog, the usual questions of "where have you been?" or "where are you going next?" immediately follow.
So when I reply that I'm visiting the Middle East (not Dubai or Egypt) on my next solo trip, Singaporeans have been quick in offering a few sets of responses. "Siao ah (crazy)? Going there to join ISIS?" Or, "isn't it dangerous? What on earth do you expect to find there besides deserts and terrorists?"
Paphos Castle, Cyprus.
But is the Middle East truly a region fraught with danger? And could most locals possibly be members of ISIS with a kidnapping agenda with the end goal of stringing me up in an orange jumpsuit on live TV? Traveling in the oil rich Middle East isn't cheap. Would I be wasting good money to see nothing but sand and dust?
I really wanted to find out.
The ancient port of Byblos, Lebanon
The "Tree of Life" Bahrain
The Kuwait Towers
Aphrodite Rock, Cyrpus
(Nah, this doesn't count. They turned me away at the Iraqi border crossing)
So there you have it. Lebanon, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Cyprus. Not your typical Egypt or Dubai kind of Middle East, but the kind that this blog has become known for, the quirky, "Singaporean-less" kind of Middle East; just the way I like it.
On airfare alone, I spent a total of $1,662 SGD, 7 flights in all. It could be done cheaper if you don't mind connections. Despite my reputation for traveling "less expensively", I insist on direct flights and don't mind paying more to cut down on unnecessary travel time.
I flew to Dubai by Emirates, next to Bahrain, then Cyprus by Gulf Air (who lost my luggage for over 6 hours). From Cyprus, I flew Middle East Airlines to Lebanon, and then to Kuwait; finally back to Dubai by Jazeera Airways for my return flight to Singapore by Emirates who decided to lose my luggage as well (the 2nd time on this trip).
For Singaporeans (those not trapped like a frog in a well at least), you'll be glad to know getting a visa for these countries won't be an issue. Queues are short (lack of tourists apparently), Visa is available on arrival for both Bahrain and Kuwait and cost less than $10 SGD each. We don't need a visa for Cyprus and apparently Lebanon (our Ministry of Foreign Affairs said a visa was necessary but the Lebanese immigration just let me through. Saved $25 USD here)
What's There To Do/See?
Lebanon, is bordered by Syria and is a recipient of "overflows" from the occasional "ISIS related" activity. The current situation in Lebanon is pretty interesting though. Hezbollah, an Islamist militant group (basically a terrorist organization) with an military more powerful than the Lebanese Army, controls a number of territories in the country, and even has seats in the Lebanese Government, (imagine the SDP or WP in Singapore with an army stronger than the PAP controlled SAF)
Sounds like a nightmare I know. But that aside, Lebanon is probably the most amazing country to visit in the Middle East. In fact its capital Beirut, was once known as "The Paris of the Middle East".
Visit The Ruined Port City of Byblos
Byblos is one of the worlds oldest cities, dating back as early as the stone age. With civilizations upon civilizations built upon it, the modern Byblos is a mix of modern influence built upon a city of ruins. This city is amazingly well preserved in a "touristy sort of way", with cafes built into ancient stone walls overlooking the port and providing an amazing view of the Lebanese coast.
Almost the whole of Byblos is an archaeological site in itself; piles of old rock for the men to climb on, and within the stone city, the Byblos Souk (bazaar) promises an excellent shopping experience for the ladies. For some family fun, there are countless "captains" waiting with their boat should you desire to sail out of the port for another view of Byblos. Singaporeans with their love for spending on cafes and shopping would most definitely love Byblos.
Explore Jeita Grotto; the longest cave in the Middle East
The limestone caves of Jeita Grotto are one Lebanon's biggest attractions. After paying an entrance fee of roughly $12 USD, a cable car brings you right up to the upper caves. The caves are pretty impressive, apart from the fact that is pretty annoying to keep having to "sneak photos" of the caves because photography is "not encouraged" (apparently because tourists used to climb on the limestone for pictures).
An underground river flows through the lower caves, and part of your ticket price includes a short river ride through the caves. I couldn't pictures of the underground river here, because I got told off by another tourist who was annoyed that I was taking photos and she couldn't (she surrendered her phone at the entrance).
Wander about Beirut; the "Paris of the Middle East"
Beirut is by far the most fascinating city I've traveled to in the Middle East. Part of the city lies in ruins (preserved of course), the other half is as modern and opulent as it gets. Half the city reeks of poverty, (most locals have to work two jobs a day to get by) and the other half? Condominiums, yachts, and super-cars around every corner.
Many Singaporeans have the impression that (Dubai aside) the Middle East is a run down part of the world and therefore, things can't be expensive. Beirut certainly isn't cheap though, far from it (compared to Singapore).
The average monthly wage is a low $300-$600 USD per job, and lets just say a Starbucks or Subway costs at least $6 USD pretty much similar to what it costs in Singapore, which is crazy. An authentic Lebanese meal cost at least $10 USD. I had one of those, and decided I was better off having burgers and fries, which cost $3-4 USD and was easier on my wallet. In relation to what the locals earn, the cost of living in Lebanon is anything but cheap.
In the day, most of Beirut is a labyrinth of streets, I needed the MapsMe app to successfully find my way about the city. At night, the city comes to life. My hostel was 5 minutes away from Armenian Street, the "pub street" of Beirut. If I got lost, all I had to do was follow the blaring loud music and bright lights and I'd find my way back in no time.
For lonely singles hoping to "score" a date, Beirut at night is the place to be. The pubs are filled with lonely backpackers, most of whom have not seen home for months (or even years). Anyone without even a single attractive bone about their person should score after a few drinks after the alcohol and the loneliness sets in.
Be charmed by the "Rawness" of Tripoli
If you google Tripoli in Wikipedia, the first thing that pops up on your screen is a "Travel Advisory Alert" in bright red warning of the danger when visiting Lebanon's 2nd largest city because of its proximity to Syria. Keeping a low profile is advised.
Tripoli had more of a raw charm about it and none of the touristy/metropolitan feel found in both Byblos or Beirut. While I wouldn't go as far as to say I sensed a "danger vibe", lets just say Tripoli felt "very local".
The Souks (bazaar) are one of Tripoli's main attractions. Anything from low quality Rolex watches, to fashion apparel, to Lebanese soap, or even gold jewellery can be found in this part of the city. Tripoli is also known of it many "mobile coffee-shops" which can be found pretty much around any corner of the city.
Arguably, the biggest attraction in Lebanon would be the impressive ruins of Baalbek, near the Syrian border in Hezebollah controlled territory. The folks at the hostel had gone just the day I arrived. I was alone and was advised by the hostel reception and my taxi driver that visiting Baalbek alone might not be the best idea. Which was a real pity, because everyone else who went said it Baalbek was astounding.
Kuwait I found to be a total opposite of Lebanon; probably the most "uninteresting country" in the Middle East. Oh, and let's just say the locals are the most arrogant among all the Arabs I've ever come across. There are modest Arabs (like those in Oman) and the "Kuwait Arabs" whose brains have been addled by an overdose of oil and oil money.
I decided to visit Kuwait because I was fascinated by its role in the "Gulf War". I really wanted to visit the country Saddam Hussein had invaded, and drive along the "Highway of Death", perhaps check out the remains of an abandoned Iraqi tank left behind from the 1990s.
I couldn't have be more mistaken about this country.
Drive along the "Highway of Death"
So I rented a car and drove toward the Safwan Border Crossing in Iraq when I was eventually turned away because I had neither a visa nor did I pay to hire a "security detail" for my safety. I didn't see any abandoned tanks and virtually all traces of the Gulf War had been removed, they didn't even keep parts of it around as a memory; disappointing.
Surprisingly they haven't had contact with many Chinese which is weird because I've come across PRCs (Peoples Republic of China) in every single country I've traveled to. In Vanuatu or even in the mountains of Lesotho I've come across "Chinese run grocery stores". When the Arabs saw me at the Kuwait - Iraq border, they exclaimed "You are Chinese?!?!", with an incredulous look on their faces.
The Kuwait Towers & City
Kuwait City itself is as "Dubai like" as it gets. Weird buildings, overpriced restaurants, and loads of Bangladeshi/Indian/Pinoy workers hired by the local Arabs who pretty much view and seem to treat them as "modern day slaves" hired to do the jobs beneath their position paid for by oil money. The locals? Well, they do go for regular morning jogs along the park connectors by the Corniche and enjoy the sea view as they settle down for a Starbucks breakfast.
I struggled to find anything remotely interesting in Kuwait. "Arrogant Arabs" I saw plenty of though.
*Disclaimer* Most Arabs I met were decent people, it's just those in Kuwait who need to get off their high horse
Bahrain is a tiny island country in the Persian Gulf, almost unheard of as a tourist destination, and visited by almost nobody. You'd struggle to find a Singaporean who could point out Bahrain on a map (then again, most Singaporeans would struggle to point out almost anywhere that isn't Korea or Japan on a map).
For once I wouldn't blame them, because like Kuwait, there's almost nothing to do in Bahrain (besides the F1 Grand Prix). The Arabs in Bahrain are more personable than those in Kuwait though.
Seek out the "Tree of Life"
The "Tree of Life" is somewhat the "Icon" of Bahrain, like what the "Tower Bridge" is to London. Which is kind of sad, because this solitary "tree" is over an hour's drive away deep in the Bahrain desert and sees at best 50,000 visitors a year (most of which are locals).
For over 400 years, this tree has continued to grow in the scorching oil filed sands of the Bahrain desert without water for sustenance, baffling scientists all over the world. As silly as it might sound to drive all the way out into the desert, we can all learn something here; miracles do exist, even if science (or everyone else) says it can't be done.
Experience The Merging of Civilizations
It was a pretty awesome experience to be standing in an ancient civilization, with the modern world just 1 kilometer from where I stood. Bahrain Fort (which isn't exactly impressive compared to those in Lebanon or Cyrpus) is one of the most significant archaeological sites left in the the country; the only other "things" to see besides this are mosques (which are all over the Middle East).
Self Drive the Bahrain International Circuit
Image Credit: https://www.formula1.com
"You're going Bahrain? It's the F1 weekend isn't it?"
This, is what Bahrain is known for from the eyes of tourists and the select few Singaporeans know can actually name a country in the Persian Gulf besides Dubai (which is a city, not a country). I arrived during the F1 weekend, which meant the circuit was closed to tourists in preparation of the upcoming race. Most other days though, you'll be able to pay for a "Circuit tour" where you'll be able to drive around the track, take photos at the grandstand; a proper "tourist experience".
Cyprus (depending on which source you refer to), is a Mediterranean island country, which is considered part of the Middle East (geographically), but is a member of the European Union, and also uses the Euro.
When people (not Singaporeans who haven't the faintest idea where Cyprus is) think of Cyprus, they think of beaches, blue water, and loads of non stop partying. But, the thing is, there's more to "beach parties" on this beautiful Mediterranean island. I spent 4 days here and it was in no way enough; I'd recommend at least a week.
Stroll the Seafront of the Limassol Marina
Limassol is really popular among tourists and locals alike and is worth a good 1.5 days. Stroll along the magnificent seafront, have a relaxing seafood lunch in the marina, and in the evening, possibly hire a small boat for a quick sail and get great photos of the coastline.
Within close proximity of Limassol are a few archeological sites, the most amazing being "Ancient Kourion", a 30min bus ride away from the Marina.
Paphos - Sun, Sea & Archaeological Sites
I didn't realize until I arrived, that Paphos is the current "European Capital of Culture"; which means there's surely more than just "beers and a nice view". The two main Archeological sites in Paphos are "The Tomb of the Kings" and the "Archeological Park" (housing large ancient roman villas).
From Paphos, tours are available to hike the Troodos Mountains from as low as 17 Euros. Oh, and I must add; the coast line and "chilling ambience" here in paphos is even better than that at Limassol. The coastline in Paphos is breathtaking, and the number of cafes with a great view of the harbor are so many, the typical Singaporean "cafe hopper" will probably need a year to visit every single one of them.
Climb Aphrodite Rock - The Birthplace of Greek Goddess Aphodite
This iconic rock is the mythical birthplace of Aphrodite, the "Goddess of Love" in Greek mythology. For those who are wondering, "eh? isn't it supposed to Venus?" Well, the goddess Venus is Aphrodite's "Roman equivalent".
This "rock" is a must visit. Here's a disclaimer though; you aren't supposed to climb the rock. If you do so, it's entirely at your own risk. Everyone else was climbing though, so what the heck right? If you aren't a "climbing" sort of person, just do what most other tourists do; bathe in the warm Mediterranean sea or have a picnic with a book on the rocky beach. Its a good way to chill half the day away.
Party Your Heart Out In Aiya Napa
There are two party capitals in the Mediterranean, Ibiza (Spain), and Aiya Napa (Cyprus). The latter attracts two main groups of tourists. The first group, retirees who hope to feel younger by relaxing on a beach surrounded by young people and escape the cold of Europe. And the other, hordes of young Europeans seeking parties, booze and sex.
Me? Well, I'm married.
Not a party animal(neither am I) ? You'll be glad to know that Cape Greco National Park is 20mins away from the "Sin City" of the Mediterranean. Here, you'll be rewarded with beautiful trails (if you're the trekking kind) ,have a go on an ATV, or even try jet skiing.
Accommodation & Transport
If you've been following me for a while, you'll know I much prefer hostels over hotels because I don't see the value of paying hundreds of dollars for a night of sleep (and also because it's easier to meet travelers in hostels). In the Middle East however, my hands were tied; I couldn't find any hostels. Either that or the hostel and hotel prices were somewhat similar. With the exception of Lebanon (because hotels were way to expensive), I stayed in hotels for most of my trip.
Hotel Prices (Real hotels even a Singaporean could sleep in without too many complaints)
Bahrain - From $35 SGD
Kuwait - From $60 SGD
Cyprus - From $30 SGD
Lebanon - From $45 SGD (Hostel Beirut is $25 USD, and has a great common room to meet other travelers)
In Bahrain and Kuwait, renting a car is absolutely necessary. These countries have limited (overpriced) day tours, and their public transport isn't the greatest. Walking+public transport under the 40 degree heat isn't exactly my idea of a vacation. Cars can be rented for as low as $50 SGD a day, petrol is cheaper than water, and parking is free. Look out for the speed camera's though, they are all over the country. Yes, even along the desert roads.
Public transport in Cyprus is really efficient. Buses are comfortable and relatively cheap at 4 Euros per way for an Intercity bus. Within the city, get a day pass for unlimited bus rides. If you have plans to spend at least 4 days in Cyrpus, rent a car for roughly 30 Euros per day.
As for Lebanon, it all depends on how adventurous you are. A two hour bus ride from city to city (say Beirut to Tripoli) can cost just $1 USD or less. All you have to do is stand by the road, flag down any minibus, and shout your desired destination. They'll tell you if its the right bus or not. The other way, Is to pay 150 Euros to book a car for the day and they'll drive wherever you wish. I tried both, and i'll say this; if you have money but a lack of time, book a car. If you're one of those long term travelers (or nomads they call themselves), take the bus. Never rent a car in Lebanon, everyone drives like an idiot.
The two main reasons (misconceptions rather) why we Singaporeans don't visit the Middle East are because 1. We have no idea what there is to do, 2. We think terrorists/Jihadist's roam the streets, hunting for foreigners to sacrifice in the name of Allah.
I hope this post has answered misconception number 1 well enough, because the Middle East truly is a treasure chest of beautiful landscapes, fascinating history, really interesting cultures, and is in no way inferior to the experience of a typical European vacation. (yes, I would know since I've visited more of Europe than probably 99% of Singaporeans. No, make that 99.9%).
As for misconception number 2, with terrorists spreading their wings all over "Touristy Europe/Middle East", Paris is no safer than Cyprus, neither is Egypt (the most touristy Middle Eastern country) any safer than Lebanon. We Singaporeans are a nation of "sheeple" , traveling where everyone else is visiting without questioning if more fascinating vacation spots are available (take Iceland for example. 10 years ago, Singaporeans wouldn't even have wondered about Iceland. Today, everyone visits Iceland, posts it on Facebook & Instagram like it's a badge of honor). Muslim/Arab countries are generally safe, and have mostly are decent, friendly folk; save for the few who give the whole region a bad name.
Perhaps is time to recognize that no where is truly "safe" anymore. It's time to venture on the "path less traveled" before things escalate and most paths become "no longer safe" to travel. When that day comes, as Singaporeans, we will truly and surely be the provable "frog in the well".
Widen your horizons everyone. Tear up your existing travel plans, and make new plans; fascinating plans. It's time to "discover" the world.
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